İstanbul is multi layered with culture and history. This is something we love to boast about all the time. And when facts are facts we have every right as being a fan of İstanbul we are authorised to do so. But every beauty has its flaws. The biggest problem of İstanbul was its source of fresh water. Therefore especially in the historical peninsula we have quite a lot of cisterns. According to a recent research this number of existing Byzantium cisterns are around 158. Of course this number was bigger in those days.
The biggest issue here how water was brought into the city. This section is tremendously exciting as it’s an engineering gem. I will not go into the details of all the reservoirs, canals, aqueducts or water towers in the city but mention only one of them that I cherish as a cultural heritage more than the others. As see in the photograph this piece of beauty is one of the highlights of Byzantine engineering integrated into the modern city. Of course it’s being affected by all the outside pollution etc. but still this is the best way we can protect it. It’s better than being left on its own.
Meet this aqueduct named Vallens.
It’s presumed to have been completed in 368 AD. Vallens is the name of the emperor of that time but according to history books it’s said that the start button was pushed by Constantine The Great who died in 337. A huge portion of this flawless piece of architecture is preserved. This aqueduct carried fresh water into the city from the third and the fourth hills of İstanbul, as you know İstanbul is a city built on Seven hills, yes like Rome.
From the olden times till recently this aqueduct was vital to city life. It was in use throughout the byzantine and most of the ottoman time hence much repaired over centuries.
To feel, to perceive and to live have a stop and breath the culture. Also do take a photo from the spot I did…